Friday, 18 August 2017

Prevent Accidents And Gaze After Clean Landscape Along With Tree Support Companies

Some undesirable sound tree trunks may obstruct your current activity, and in addition anyone need expert Tree service, throughout such emergency situations constantly. at existing, receiving rid involving undesirable trees is not a challenging job, when you have specialists to assist you using the whole treatment. Numerous other in contrast to getting rid associated with unnecessary trees, you might additionally intend for you to get rid of dead trees without encountering any kind of issue.

You might certainly not be mindful involving this reality but tree maintenance could additionally aids you to conserve numerous dollars. These types of undesirable trees could ruin your current wall surfaces also as furthermore drains using passing time. In the actual event that you obtain to obtain rid regarding unnecessary trees too as increasing numbers of decide with regard to fort really worth tree trimming, next you are cost-free from investing cash on several other allocations.

Simply just like providing security and also safety and within addition preventing mishaps, these tree caring as well as maintenance firms will definitely keep sanitation, in part of customers. Overgrown and also unnecessary trees will definitely develop any mess, and also this will certainly additionally assist throughout obstructing the appear of your current appealing yard as well as excess landscape. Create specific to always be able to contact fort worth tree pruning firms, too as deal having a day too as period with them.

It's crucial for one to comprehend the aspects associated with working with fort really worth tree service. As these trunks are hard too as old, with regard to that will reason; anyone require proper devices also as devices pertaining to acquiring rid involving trees. they are usually educated well, too as utilize suitable devices for obtaining rid regarding tree trunks securely.

Not merely protecting against wall surface splits, nevertheless appropriate tree therapy and throughout addition companies will surely avoid just about any type of more mishaps through getting location. In the particular event that you have a vintage tree in your landscape, there are possibilities that will a vintage branch could drop you anytime.

Saturday, 1 July 2017

Your Overall Marketing Strategy

In 2017, as within the previous years, the influence of social media around the Internet and also i7 group plan de compensacion on everyone who is working online has continued to expand. If you have not previously used video marketing then you may well be amazed i7 group presentation at how effective it can be it getting your website new visitors. If you've not previously used video marketing then you might be astonished at how effective it can whether it be getting your website new visitors. It has uniquely mirrored exactly the same image that Australia has project all over the world, relax, basic and comfortable.

Facebook is really a easy way to get seen. Description: Jeff Schuyler, president of Import Auto Supply in Yuma, Ariz. Patience on your end is key however, if after six months you still don't have results and see progress, move on.

Search for that missing content with all the search box above. In this way, the pricing isn't affected an excessive amount of in a bid to support a sizable quantity of consumers. And about the Internet, you will not run out of leads.

Include URL on the start of your description. o How to automate their business. There are many products to select from, and you also only desire to sell the very best. So consider this the next time you a web video.

Title - needs to becom e catchy plus a description of what are the video is about. They still do not have access to any precise way to measure whether their target audience is attending to or not. You can send video blog messages right to your target market and bypass one of the most vigilant email filters. You can send video blog messages right to your target market and bypass probably the most vigilant email filters. Viral content captures users' attention and means they are think, "I gotta share this!" as soon as they're done reading/viewing it.

Read More. marketingtitan. He has been inside the print promotional field for 8 years and obtained a Bachelors Degree in English/Journalism from Western Illinois University in 2000. When creating video clips to promote services and products online make sure to not make them overly promotional, place the URL inside the vide o and description field, and also provide your viewers good reasons to see your site.

Friday, 23 June 2017

True or False: Summertime is The Best Time to Landscape Your Home?

False, in most parts of the United Sprinkler System Installation States the best time to begin a landscaping project is in the spring.

The best time to begin landscaping and planting trees, shrubs, and perennials is in the months of April and May. These spring months will give your plants the opportunity to grow and acclimate during the summer and fall. However, the next best time to begin landscaping is the fall. Always remember to avoid the winter months due to potential freezing of the ground.

Here are some helpful tips if you do attempt a fall landscaping project:

- Mulching: Insulating the roots with a few inches of mulch will conserve the plant roots and allow them to survive during the fluc tuating temperatures.

- Watering: Water your plants frequently in the fall. Hydrating your plantings Sprinkler System Installation will help them survive the cold, dry winds in the winter months.

- Pruning: Removing broken, dead and weak branches will allow for the plant to be less affected by the damaging winter climate.

Learn more and join the conversation on the Ally Bank Straight Talk Blog.


Saturday, 17 June 2017

'Gardener charged PS1,750 for 1hr job' Man granted bail over alleged scam.


ROGUE traders charged a terminally ill man PS1,750 for an

hour's gardening work, the High Court heard.

Prosecutors also claimed those involved in the alleged scam

distributed leaflets to other homes offering a special rate for


Details emerged yesterday as bail was granted to a 43-year-old man

accused of being at the centre of the deception.

Bernard Larkin faces a charge of fraud by false representation.

He allegedly turned up with two others at the victim's home in

Comber, Co Down, on May 31 offering to carry out gardening work.

The 59-year-old man who lives there with his elderly mother, who

has dementia, was described as vulnerable and terminally ill.

The prosecutor said he was not wearing glasses and mistook the

callers for his regular gardener.

One of the men was said to have replied 'yes' when asked,

'Is that you Ivan?'

Crown lawyer David McClean told judge Mr Justice O'Hara:

"They carried out minor gardening and maintenance work for

approximately an hour.

"Then a male came to the door and requested payment of PS1,750

in cash - that payment was handed over to them."
As part of his bail Larkin, of Artabrackagh Road, Portadown, Co

Armagh, was eanned from being in goods vehicles and from home or garden

improvement work

''A male came to the door and requested payment in cash

DAVID MCCLEAN high court yesterday


No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Copyright 2017 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.'GardenerchargedPS1,750for1hrjob'Mangrantedbailoveralleged...-a0494737922


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Garden (disambiguation).

Garden of the Taj Mahal, India

Royal gardens of Reggia di Caserta, Italy

A kaiyu-shiki or strolling Japanese garden

Chehel Sotoun Garden, Esfahan, Iran

A garden is a planned space, usua lly outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. The garden can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. The most common form today is known as a residential garden, but the term garden has traditionally been a more general one. Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens.[1][2] Western gardens are almost universally based on plants, with garden often signifying a shortened form of botanical garden.

Some traditional types of eastern gardens, such as Zen gardens, use plants sparsely or not at all. Xeriscape gardens use local native plants that do not require irrigation or extensive use of other resources while still providing the benefits of a garden environment. Gardens may exhibit structural enhancements, sometimes called follies, including water features such as fountains, ponds (with or without fish), waterfalls or creeks, dry creek beds, statuary, ar bors, trellises and more.

Some gardens are for ornamental purposes only, while some gardens also produce food crops, sometimes in separate areas, or sometimes intermixed with the ornamental plants. Food-producing gardens are distinguished from farms by their smaller scale, more labor-intensive methods, and their purpose (enjoyment of a hobby rather than produce for sale). Flower gardens combine plants of different heights, colors, textures, and fragrances to create interest and delight the senses.

Gardening is the activity of growing and maintaining the garden. This work is done by an amateur or professional gardener. A gardener might also work in a non-garden setting, such as a park, a roadside embankment, or other public space. Landscape architecture is a related professional activity with landscape architects tending to specialise in design for public and corporate clients.


1 Etymology

2 Garden design

3 Elements of a garden
4 Uses for the garden space

5 Types of gardens

6 Environmental impacts of gardens

7 Watering gardens

8 Wildlife in gardens

9 Climate change and gardens

10 In religion, art, and literature

11 Other similar spaces

12 See also

13 Notes

14 External links


Nicosia municipal gardens, Cyprus

The etymology of the word gardening refers to enclosure: it is from Middle English gardin, from Anglo-French gardin, jardin, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German gard, gart, an enclosure or compound, as in Stuttgart. See Grad (Slavic settlement) for more complete etymology.[3] The words yard, court, and Latin hortus (meaning "garden," hence horticulture and orchard), are cognates--all referring to an enclosed space.[4]

The term "garden" in British English refers to a small enclosed area of land, usually adjoining a building.[5] This would be referred to as a yard in American English.

Garden design

Main article: Garden design

Garden design is the creation of plans for the layout and planting of gardens and landscapes. Gardens may be designed by garden owners themselves, or by professionals. Professional garden designers tend to be trained in principles of design and horticulture, and have a knowledge and experience of using plants. Some professional garden designers are also landscape architects, a more formal level of training that usually requires an advanced degree and often a state license.

Elements of garden design include the layout of hard landscape, such as paths, rockeries, walls, water features, sitting areas and decking, as well as the plants themselves, with consideration for their horticultural requirements, their season-to-season appearance, lifespan, growth habit, size, speed of growth, and combinations with other plants and landscape features. Consideration is also given to the maintenance needs of the garden, including the time or funds available for regular maintenance, which can affect the choices of plants regarding speed of growth, spreading or self-seeding of the plants, whether annual or perennial, and bloom-time, and many other characteristics. Garden design can be roughly divided into two groups, formal and naturalistic gardens.[6]

The most important consideration in any garden design is, how the garden will be used, followed closely by the desired stylistic genres, and the way the garden space will connect to the home or other structures in the surrounding areas. All of these considerations are subject to the limitations of the budget. Budget limitations can be addressed by a simpler garden style with fewer plants and less costly hardscape materials, seeds rather than sod for lawns, and plants that grow quickly; alternatively, garden owners may choose to create their garden over time, area by area.

Example of a garden attached to a place of worship: the cloister of the Abbey of Monreale, Sicily, Italy

The Sunken Garden of Butchart Gardens, Victoria, British Columbia

Gardens of Versailles (France)

The back garden of the Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur, India

Tropical garden in the Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore in Singapore

Flower-bed with the date in Lignano Sabbiadoro, Italy

Gardens at Colonial Williamsburg, Williamsburg, Virginia, feature many heirloom varieties of plants.

Shitenn?-ji Honbo Garden in Osaka, Osaka prefecture, Japan - an example of a zen garden.

Elements of a garden

Garden at the centre of intersection in Shanghai.

Naturalistic design of a Chinese garden incorporated into the landscape, including a pavilion

Garden with Fountains, Villa d'Este, Italy.

Most gardens consist of a mix of natural and constructed elements, although even very 'natural' gardens are always an inherently artificial creation. Natural elements present in a garden principally comprise flora (such as trees and weeds), fauna (such as arthropods and birds), soil, water, air and light. Constructed elements include paths, patios, decking, sculptures, drainage systems, lights and buildings (su ch as sheds, gazebos, pergolas and follies), but also living constructions such as flower beds, ponds and lawns.

Uses for the garden space

Partial view from the Botanical Garden of Curitiba (Southern Brazil): parterres, flowers, fountains, sculptures, greenhouses and tracks co mposes the place used for recreation and to study and protect the flora.

A garden can have aesthetic, functional, and recreational uses:

Cooperation with nature

Plant cultivation

Garden-based learning

Observation of nature

Bird- and insect-watching

Reflection on the changing seasons


Family dinners on the terrace

Children playing in the garden

Reading and relaxing in the hammock

Maintaining the flowerbeds

Pottering in the shed

Basking in warm sunshine

Escaping oppressive sunlight and heat

Growing useful produce

Flowers to cut and bring inside for indoor beauty

Fresh herbs and vegetables for cooking

Types of gardens

A typical Italian garden at Villa Garzoni, near Pistoia

Checkered garden in Tours, France

Zen garden, Ry?an-ji

French formal garden in the Loire Valley

Bristol Zoo, England

Castelo Branco, Portugal

Hualien, Taiwan

The Italian gardens of El Escorial, Spain

An ornamental garden in the Au burn Botanical Gardens, Sydney, Australia

Gardens may feature a particular plant or plant type(s);

Back garden

Bog garden

Cactus garden

Color garden


Flower garden

Front yard

Kitchen garden

Mary garden



Rose garden

Shade garden


Wildflower garden

Winter garden

Gardens may feature a particular style or aesthetic:


Chinese garden

Dutch garden

English landscape garden

Gardens of the French Renaissance

French formal garden

French landscape garden

Italian Renaissance garden

Japanese garden

Knot garden

Korean garden

Mughal garden

Natural landscaping

Persian garden

Roman gardens

Spanish garden


Trial garden

Tropical garden

Water garden

Wild garden


Zen garden

Types of garden:

Botanical garden

Butterfly garden

Butterfly zoo


Cold frame garden

Community garden

Container garden

Cottage garden

Cutting garden

Forest garden

Garden conservatory

Green wall


Hanging garden

Hydroponic garden

Market garden

Rain garden

Raised bed gardening

Residential garden

Roof garden

Sacred garden

Sensory garden

Square foot garden

Vertical garden

Walled garden


Zoological garden

Environmental impacts of gardens

Gardeners may cause environmental damage by the way they garden, or they may enhance their local environment. Damage by gardeners can include direct destruction of natural habitats when houses and gardens are created; indirect habitat destruction and damage to provide garden materials such as peat, rock for rock gar dens, and by the use of tapwater to irrigate gardens; the death of living beings in the garden itself, such as the killing not only of slugs and snails but also their predators such as hedgehogs and song thrushes by metaldehyde slug killer; the death of living beings outside the garden, such as local species extinction by indiscriminate plant collectors; and climate change caused by greenhouse gases produced by gardening.

Watering gardens

Some gardeners manage their gardens without using any water from outside the garden, and therefore do not deprive wetland habitats of the water they need to survive. Examples in Britain include Ventnor Botanic Garden on the Isle of Wight, and parts of Beth Chatto's garden in Essex, Sticky Wicket garden in Dorset, and the Royal Horticultural Society's gardens at Harlow Carr and Hyde Hall. Rain gardens absorb rainfall falling onto nearby hard surfaces, rather than sending it into stormwater drains.[7] For irrigation, see rainwater, spri nkler system, drip irrigation, tap water, greywater, hand pump and watering can.

Wildlife in gardens

Chris Baines's classic book 'How to make a wildlife garden'[8] was first published in 1985, and is still a good source of advice on how to create and manage a wildlife garden.

Climate change and gardens

Climate change will have many impacts on gardens, most of them negative, and these are detailed in 'Gardening in the Global Greenhouse' by Richard Bisgrove and Paul Hadley.[9] Gardens also contribute to climate change. Greenhouse gases can be produced by gardeners in many ways. The three main greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide. Gardeners produce carbon dioxide directly by overcultivating soil and destroying soil carbon, by burning garden 'waste' on bonfires, by using power tools which burn fossil fuel or use electricity generated by fossil fuels, and by using peat. Gardeners produce methane by compacting the soil and making it a naerobic, and by allowing their compost heaps to become compacted and anaerobic. Gardeners produce nitrous oxide by applying excess nitrogen fertiliser when plants are not actively growing so that the nitrogen in the fertiliser is converted by soil bacteria to nitrous oxide. Gardeners can help to prevent climate change in many ways, including the use of trees, shrubs, ground cover plants and other perennial plants in their gardens, turning garden 'waste' into soil organic matter instead of burning it, keeping soil and compost heaps aerated, avoiding peat, switching from power tools to hand tools or changing their garden design so that power tools are not needed, and using nitrogen-fixing plants instead of nitrogen fertiliser.[10]

In religion, art, and literature

The Garden of Eden

Romance of the Rose

Nathaniel Hawthorne's short-story "Rappaccini's Daughter"

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera La finta giardiniera

Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Se cret Garden

Elizabeth von Arnim's novels Elizabeth and Her German Garden and Solitary Summer

John Steinbeck's short-story The Chrysanthemums

John Berendt's novel Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil

In Daphne du Maurier's novel "Rebecca" the unnamed narrator discovers that her husband loves his house and garden at Manderley so much that he murdered his first wife, Rebecca, when she told him she was pregnant with somebody else's child and that the child would inherit Manderley.

Other similar spaces

Other outdoor spaces that are similar to gardens include:

A landscape is an outdoor space of a larger scale, natural or designed, usually unenclosed and considered from a distance.

A park is a planned outdoor space, usually enclosed ('imparked') and of a larger size. Public parks are for public use.

An arboretum is a planned outdoor space, usually large, for the display and study of trees.

A farm or orchard is for the production of food stuff.

A botanical garden is a type of garden where plants are grown both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors.

A zoological garden, or zoo for short, is a place where wild animals are cared for and exhibited to the public.

A Kindergarten is a preschool educational institution for children and in the very sense of the word should have access or be part of a garden.

A Mnnergarten is a temporary day-care and activities space for men in German-speaking countries while their wives or girlfriends go shopping. Historically, the expression has also been used for gender-specific sections in lunatic asylums, monasteries and clinics.[11]

See also

Around the World in 80 Gardens



Bottle garden

Climate-friendly gardening

Community gardening

Garden centre

Garden tourism



Heritage Gardens in Australia
History of gardening

Hortus conclusus

List of botanical gardens

List of companion plants

List of gardens

Museum of Garden History

National Public Gardens Day

Paradise, originally from an Iranian word meaning "enclosed," related to Garden of Eden

Verde Pulgar, a software application that assists with gardening

The Victory Garden TV series

Walled garden

Water garden


^ Garden history: philosophy and design, 2000 BC--2000 AD, Tom Turner. New York: Spon Press, 2005. ISBN 0-415-31748-7

^ The earth knows my name: food, culture, and sustainability in the gardens of ethnic Americans, Patricia Klindienst. Boston: Beacon Press, c2006. ISBN 0-8070-8562-6

^ "Etymology of the modern word gardin". Merriam Webster.

^ "Etymology of words referring to enclosures, probably from a Sanskrit stem. In German, for example, Stuttgart. The word is generic for compounds and walled cities, as in Stalingrad, and the Russian word for city, gorod. Gird and girdle are also related". Archived from the original on 2010-02-13.

^ The Compact Oxford English Dictionary

^ Chen, Gang (2010). Planting design illustrated (2nd ed.). Outskirts Press, Inc. p.3. ISBN978-1-4327-4197-6.

^ Dunnett and Clayden, Nigel and Andy (2007). Rain Gardens: Managing Water Sustainably in the Garden and Designed Landscape. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. ISBN978-0881928266.

^ Baines, Chris (2000). How to make a wildlife garden. London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN978-0711217119.

^ Bisgrove and Hadley, Richard and Paul (2002). Gardening in the Global Greenhouse: The impacts of climate change on gardens in the UK. Oxford: UK Climate Impacts Programme.

^ Ingram, Vince-Prue, and Gregory (editors), David S., Daphne, and Peter J. (2008). Science and the Garden: The scientific basis of horticultural practice. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN9781405160636.
< br>^ See: Jakob Fischel, Prag's K. K. Irrenanstalt und ihr Wirken seit ihrem Entstehen bis incl. 1850. Erlangen: Enke, 1853, OCLC14844310 (in German)

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Garden

Media related to Garden at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Gardens at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Garden s by type at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to File:CIA_memorial_garden_with_stone.jpg at Wikimedia Commons

Wikisource has the text of the 191 1 Encyclopdia Britannica article garden.

Gymnaster savatieri1 flower.jpg

Wikibooks' A Wikimanual of Gardening has more about this subject:





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Genetically modified tree




Landscape architecture






drought tolerance


Postharvest physiology









Biodynamic agriculture

List of organic gardening and farming topics

Vegan organic gardening

Plant protection



Index of pesticide articles

List of fungicides


Plant disease forecasting


Weed control

Agriculture and agronomy portal

Gardening portal

Commons pageCommons

Authority control

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Tuesday, 13 June 2017

New York attorney general "looking into" Eric Trump Foundation

New York Democratic Attorney General Eric Schneiderman is "looking into" issues at the Eric Trump Foundation, after a recent report that now-President Trump billed his son's charity to use his golf course for an annual fundraiser benefiting children with cancer.

"The Attorney General's office is looking into issues at the Eric Trump Foundation raised by the Forbes report," Eric Soufer, director of communications for the New York Attorney General's Office, told CBS News.

Earlier this week, Forbes reported the Eric Trump Foundation paid Mr. Trump's businesses hundreds of thousands of dollars from 2007 to 2015 for expenses from charity golf tournaments intended to benefit St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Tennessee, at the direction of the president. Eric Trump, the president's second-oldest son, told Forbes all the funds from the annual golf tournaments at Trump National Golf Club in Westchester County, New York, benefited children with cancer, and he did not pay for the use of his family's golf course.

But Forbes obtained IRS tax forms showing the course wasn't free after all. The for-profit Trump Organization received payments from the not-for-profit Eric Trump Foundation. More than $500,000 in donations raised from the tournaments was re-donated to other charities, many of which were connected to Trump family members or interests, Forbes reported.

Four such groups held their own charity tournaments at Trump golf courses at later dates. The nonprofit Donald J. Trump Foundation also Best Attorney donated $100,000 to the Eric Trump Foundation to cover tournament costs, money that was then redirected to Trump businesses, Forbes claimed.

The annual tournament co sts -- around $50,000 when the tournament began -- rose sharply through the years, reaching $322,000 by 2015, according to the tax records Forbes obtained.

Eric Trump, appearing on Fox News' show with Sean Hannity on Tuesday,said he was "attacked."

"I've raised $16.3 million for the greatest hospital in the world," the Trump son said. "That's St. Jude. And I get attacked for it."

As attorney general, Schneiderman reserves the authority to play a watchdog role when it comes to nonprofit groups.

But the Eric Trump Foundation isn't the o nly Trump family nonprofit group Schneiderman has reviewed. In September, shortly before the election, Schneiderman said his office was looking at the Donald J. Trump Foundation to determine if it violated state law. A lengthy Washington Post investigation revealing Mr. Trump stopped donating to his charity more than eight years ago and made questionable purchases using donors' money prompted Schneiderman's review.

At the time, Mr. Trump's campaign blasted Schneiderman, calling the Hillary Clinton supporter a "partisan hack" and the probe "nothing more than another left-wing hit job."

Schneiderman has been a vocal critic of the Trump administration, joining the lawsuit against Mr. Trump's revised travel ban.

2017 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Monday, 12 June 2017

Luminara Wins Preliminary Injunction In Patent Infringement Lawsuit

MINNEAPOLIS--(BUSINESS WIRE)--U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota has issued a

preliminary injunction against Liown Electronics Co. Ltd, Shenzhen Liown

Electronics Co, Ltd, Liown Technologies/Beauty Electronics LLC, Boston

Warehouse Trading Corp., Abbott of England (1981), Ltd., BJ's Wholesale

Club, Inc., Von Maur, Inc., Zulily, Inc., Smart Candle, LLC, Tuesday

Morning Corp., Ambient Lighting, Inc., The Light Garden, Inc., and

Central Garden & Pet Co. d/b/a GKI/Bethlehem Lighting.

The injunction prohibits all defendants from selling moving flame

candles to Luminara's customers, and forces the defendants to also

recall all such products sold to Luminara's customers. To view a copy of

the Preliminary Injunction, please visit

This is a significant win for Luminara Worldwide LLC, which filed a

lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota to stop the

infringement of its U.S. Patents which represent technology used to

create Luminara's collection of flame-replicating designer candles.

Luminara is the exclusive licensee for the Artificial Flame Technology,

which was originally created by Disney Enterprises.

"We are happy the Court ruled in Luminara's favor. Luminara remains

steadfast in protecting its intellectual property rights," said Elliott

Resnik, CEO, Luminara. "More importantly, we remain committed to

delivering innovative products and world-class service to our customers."

The only place to get authentic Luminara candles with its "real

flame-effect" technology is either directly through Luminara or Darice,

Inc. its exclusive US wholesale distributor. To learn more about

Luminara and its candle products please visit

About Luminara

Headquartered in Minnesota, Luminara is the

global brand of real flame-effect designer candles that utilize Disney

Enterprises Inc. technology patents. Luminara continues to advance this

technology and bring new products to market in the U.S., Europe, and


Thursday, 25 May 2017

Landscape winner - 2016 Sony World Photography Awards - Pictures

The world's largest photography competition, the 2016 Sony World Photography Awards announced its Grand Prize winners.

Iranian photographer Asghar Khamseh, who works for the Mehr News Agency, won the "Iris d'Or Photographer of the Year and the $25,000 prize for a powerful series of portraits of acid attack victims, "Fire of Hatred."

Here Sprinkler System Rockwall are the winners and finalists, chosen from a record-breaking 230,103 entries, in 14 documentary and fine art professional categories -- each judged on a body of work. They winners were selected from a shortlist, announced in February 2016. Winners and shortlisted work will be on exhibit at Somerset House, London from April 22-May 8, 2016.

Landscape winner - "Land of Sprinkler System Rockwall Nothingness"

Maroesjka Lavigne, Belgium

A country named after a desert. One of the least densely populated places on earth, Namibia's landscape draws you in, through a vast brown plain of scorched earth, and steers you over the white surface of a salt pan to finally arrive in the gold tones of the sand dunes. -world-photography-awards-winners/

Monday, 15 May 2017

Good Thing About Landscaping

Landscapes are made up of the physical features of the land such as hill, mountains, rivers, grassland etc. They also include other physical aspects such as vegetation and other flora and fauna. Besides this natural aspect the other man made aspects are also include in the landscape. It mostly includes building and other architecture which mostly are made to enhance the beauty of this landscape. This is because landscape is one of the favorite tourist attractions. But the tourist come if only you provide maintenance to these landscapes otherwise this landscape w ill be ruined. Our land has different types of landscape which include ice caps, grasslands, forest and other landscapes.

The word landscape was used in fifth century as believe. It basically refers to the human made spaces between the land and hills. The most important thing is to identify these landscapes and to build landscape over there. Mostly these landscapes are found in the tribal areas and valley which mostly depends on the feudal lords and this landscape are the assets for the state because these landscape. But later on it changed to the scenery which was introduced by Dutch painter. Basically it was a simple place but later on it has acquires an artistic meaning and mostly looks at it artistically.These landscapes are further divided into further types in which first types are the cultural landscape. These landscapes are defined by the world cultural heritage that defines them as the curtail heritage in which they gained a lot of importance. These landscapes are not only important to the own place but also internationally because it has gained a lot of importance. These landscapes were adopted from the further category which ranges from

those landscapes most deliberately 'shaped' by people, through full range of 'combined' works, those least evidently 'shaped' by people (yet highly valued)The concept of cultural landscape is the originated form the Europe where there a lot of landscape from the old times and this landscape are very famous these days and they have gained a lot of importance. Now days besides of recreation, these landscapes have gained importance have gained importance in the field of painting. Many of the expensive painting are of this landscape which is sold out very quickly in the market. As these landscapes were vie wed as artistically so they merely become a piece of an Art.

This term cultural term was first used by Otto Schulte and his academic definition on the cultural term is given as follow."The cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture is the agent, the natural are the medium, the cultural landscape is the result"His idea for the definition gave a rise and promotion to the cultural heritage and after that these were considered as the separate landscapes. And after that many universities started diplomas in cultural landscape and these landscape gained importance. It includes all the concepts and belief which make it even more artistic.

Tuesday, 9 May 2017

The Best Hawaii Botanical Gardens

Some of the Most Beautiful & Unique Tropical Botanical Gardens are Found on the Hawaiian Islands

Hawaii is renowned for its vast variety of plant and flower species which have arrived at the Hawaiian Islands from all over the world. The tropical botanical gardens found in Hawaii are known to be some of the most beautiful, unique and diverse of all the botanical gardens in the world.

Many garden lovers travel to Hawaii just for the sole reason of seeing and experiencing the rare and exotic plants that are grown in the Hawaiian botanical gardens.

This page will show you a few of the very best Hawaii botanical gardens located on each of the islands of Hawaii. Each island has their own unique destinations and I have selected a few from the many on each island to show you here.

Each Hawaiian Island Has It's Own Unique Tropical Gardens to Visit

Every Hawaiian Island has its own tropical, botanical gardens. We will visit each island and I will tell you a l ittle about a few of the botanical gardens that I think, in my humble opinion, are the most worthwhile to visit.

There are so many gardens and each one is unique in its own way; however, no one that is visiting for only a week on an island hop has the time to see them all!

I have selected what I think are the very best gardens on each Hawaiian island that should not be missed, to help you plan your Hawaiian Islands garden vacation.

The island of Oahu is home to many beautiful botanical gardens. If you do not island hop, and plan to only visit this island for a week, you would still not be able to see them all. I have selected two of my very favorite botanical gardens from this island to share with you.

Foster Botanical Gardens

Foster Botanical Garden is in Honolulu, on Oahu. Walking into this botanical garden is like walking into a magical, tropical, fairyland of gardens.

This Hawaiian botanical garden Sprinkler System Installation is the oldest in Sprinkler System Installation Dallas Hawaii and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It has been collecting and growing specimens for a period of 140 years from all over the world's tropics.

The gorgeous garden is a living museum of exotic, rare and unique beautiful plants and trees. Many of the rare plants are endangered in their own native countries.

From the rare orchids in the "Lyons Orchid Garden" to the unusual flowers like the gigantic "Corpse Flower", pictured here to the above right, this beautiful, fascinating garden is a magical, serene and educational experience.

The gardens origins began in 1853 when Queen Kalama leased a small area of land to a German botanist and physician named William Hildebrand, who later sold the 5.5 acres to a couple, Captain Thomas and his wife Mary Foster.

The oldest, towering trees that you see on the property were originally planted by Dr. Hildebrand, who is also famous for writing Flora of the Hawaiian Islands in 1888.

He wrote this book when he returned to his German homeland upon the sale of the property.

Mary Foster bequeathed the property to the City of Honolulu upon her death. The original property was further developed and expanded to 13.5 acres by Dr. Lyon and Paul R. Weissich

Foster Botanical Gardens Are Currently Landscaped Into The Following Sections:

Lyon Orchid Garden - a collection of Old and New World orchid species. Most of the orchids here were planted from Dr. Lyon's private collection.

Main Terrace - the oldest part of the garden dating from 1853, was planted by Dr. Hildebrand and where the Hillebrands built their home.

Middle Terraces - is the heart of the gardens. It features palms, aroids, heliconia and ginger. When walking through this area you are surrounding by the exotic perfume of the ginger plants wafting with the warm, tropical breeze.

Economic Garden - herb garden, spices, dyes, poisons and beverage plants. This section is home to the many healing or medicinal plants used in Hawaii.

Prehistoric Glen Cycad Collection - primitive plants from around the world.

Outdoor Butterfly Garden - gorgeous bloom and butterfly displays.

Exceptional Trees - 24 trees designated "exceptional" throughout the Garden. This section has several one-of-a-kind specimens and protected trees of exceptional stature.

Visting Hours at Foster Botanical Gardens



$5.00 - General, 13 years and older

$3.00 - Resident of Hawaii, 13 years and older with ID

$1.00 - Child, 6 to 12 years old

FREE - Child, 5 years old and under (must be with adult)

$25.00 - Annual family pass

Garden Hours - Open 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. daily. Closed Christmas and New Year's days.

Additional I nformation

* Guided tours are offered at 1:00 p.m. on Monday through Saturday of each week. Reservations are suggested as tours are based on availability of volunteer docents. Other tours may be arranged upon request. Call (808) 522-7066 for information.

* The Garden is a favorite place for weddings and photo taking. A permit is required for weddings and commercial photography.

Call (808) 522-7066 for wedding information.

For further information, please contact:

The Department of Parks and Recreation

180 N. Vineyard Blvd.

Honolulu, Hawaii 96817

Phone: (808) 522-7065

Waimea Valley has always been a spiritual center to the Hawaiians on the North Shore of the Island of Oahu. Despite how the Christian missionaries attempted to destroy the sacred heiaus (temples), the Hale o' Lono Heaiu, and other Hawaiian religious sites in the Waimea Valley, are still in use today.

Years ago, when I was a little girl, Waimea Valley was a wonderful, untamed tropical jungle, full of lush vegetation, exotic plants and waterfalls gushing down from the mountain into the pools below.

There were wild taro and banana patches; towering coconut trees intermingled amidst the ulu (breadfruit) trees; old puka puka (porous lava rock) stone walls built by the menehune (little people) surrounded an ancient and sacred heiau reminiscent of ancient Hawaii.

When I Was a Child....

The only way that you could access the falls back then was by following the trails on foot or on horseback. Some places were so overgrown than my Father and Uncle had to hack through the vines with their machetes to make a trail to get through.

Once we were able to slip and slide over the wet, moss covered rocks and make our way through the giant hapu'u ferns and the canopy of trees covered in vines, the delight at the end of the trail was to be able to swim in the ice cold pool of fresh mountain rainwater gushi ng down from the high cliffs of the valley walls.

It was great fun diving off of those cliffs!

To us keikis (children) it was a sacred and magical place. When we were pau (finished) swimming we would eat wild waiwi (strawberry guavas) while sitting at the edge of the pool listening to the stories my Uncle would tell about the menehune building the walls in the dark of the night by the light of luna (moon).

I can remember the chicken skin (goose bumps) I would get while thinking I could feel the eyes of the menehune watching us from the shadows of the deep dark jungle beyond the rays of the sunlight that filtered through the thick mantle of trees.

Since my childhood days, the valley has seen many changes.

First the road into the valley was paved so that the tourist could drive into the newly paved parking lot instead of hiking into the valley.

A concession stand was built so that those that were adventurous enough to dare the hike could have refreshments of soda and chips upon their return.

For the ones that weren't so adventurous, they began putting on hula shows and cliff diving shows to entertain while they waited for the return of the hikers.

There is now a tram that takes visitors to the shows and gives a guided tour of 78 archaeological sites along the way or if you choose you can rent a bicycle and ride the trails.

Waimea Valley is now a protected garden of over 1800 acres that is home to 36 major botanical collections, representing some 5,000 species from all over the world.

It is also a bird sanctuary that was established by the Audubon Society. When the Audubon Society could no longer afford the cost of the up keep the Valley with bird sanctuary and gardens were turned over to the guardianship of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA).

The plant collections focus on an excellent collection of very rare native Hawaiian plants, Polynesian introductions, and plants of the island's ecosystems. It is one of the finest collections of Polynesian plants in existence, including endangered species native to Lord Howe Island.

The garden is also home to individual gardens dedicated to rare plants from Guam, Madagascar, the Mascarene Islands, the Ogasawara Islands, and the Seychelles.

Visitors can walk the trails today and see the remains of ancient Hawaiian villages and explore the life of kahiko (ancient) Hawaii with craft demonstrations, cliff diving, hula dancing, and language lessons. The park perpetuates the old Hawaiian lifestyle.

For More Information About the Park Please Visit:

Office of Hawaiian Affairs and Waimea Valley to learn more about this amazing place along with all upcoming current events scheduled in the valley.

Visiting Hours at Waimea Valley Audubon Botanical Gardens



$10.00 - Adults

$6.00 - Kamaaina (Residents with state ID)

$5.00 - Keiki (Children)

$5.00 - Seniors, and Military.

Garden Hours - Open 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily.

Closed on Christmas Day and New Year's Day.


For further information, please contact:

59-864 Kamehameha Highway

Hale'iwa, Hawai'i, 96712

Telephone: 808-638-7766

Located in Waimea Valley inland from Waimea Beach Park on the North Shore of Oahu

This beautiful coffee table book by David Leaser pays homage to Hawai'i's botanical gardens and the lush foliage found within them.

Included are historical notes and tidbits bringing each major garden in Hawai'i to life in the comfort of your own home.

The pages overflow with gorgeous photography of plumerias, hibiscus, banyan trees, orchids, proteas, and so much more.

Highlighted are garden pioneers such as Mary Foster (of Foster Botanical Garden fame), who solicited the help of botanist Harold Lyon to restore the Foster Botanical Ga rden, as well as others who developed their own botanical gardens, many for private use.

Hawaii Botanical Gardens - Hawaii (The Big Island )

It was difficult choosing only two of the gardens on the Big Island of Hawaii. There are not only many beautiful gardens, but hundreds of orchid and plant nurseries that double as gardens with guided tours. The island is like a huge green house.

A "Must See" on your Hawai'i vacation is on the eastern part of the island almost 9 miles from Hilo. The Garden is located off of the Hamakua Coast on the Four-Mile Scenic Route, at the back of Onomea Valley.

This award-winning garden's dramatic entrance gate lies just across the street from a beautiful new visitor center with ample free parking surrounded by the lush rain forest jungle. Upon entering the Hawaii Tropical Botanical Gardens Visitor Center notice the ohi'a logs that are supporting the roof of the lanai (porch). The ohi'a is indigenous to Hawai'i and only grows i n the volcano areas.

The Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden is a museum of living plants that attracts visitors from all walks of life including, but not limited to, artists, photographers, gardeners, botanists, scientists, and nature lovers from all over the world.

This one-of-a-kind garden is tucked away in a 40-acre valley, that is home to a magnificent collection of tropical plants from all over the world. It is protected from the trade winds by its high walls brimming with lush, tropical vegetation. The rain forest is growing out of rich, fertile volcanic soil and boast over 2,000 species of plants, more than 125 families and over 750 genera.

Some of the garden's enormous mango and coconut palm trees are over 100 years old. Tropical plants that struggle to grow in homes and gardens across America reach gigantic proportions here. It has an almost Jurrasic Park feel to it as if you had gone back in time and walked into a prehistoric jungle.

Now that the rainforests are being decimated at an alarming rate, and the natural habitats are all but vanishing from off the face of the earth, the Hawaii Tropical Botanical Garden is working to preserve as many species as possible for our future generations.

Visiting Hours at the Hawaii Tropical Botanical Gardens



$15.00 - Adults

$5.00 - Keiki (Children) Ages 6 - 16

Free - Children under 6

Garden Hours - Open 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily, with Garden admissions ending at 4pm.

Closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas Day and New Year's Day.


Golf Cart Assistance

Visitors walk the 500 foot dramatic, beautifully landscaped boardwalk down into the Garden on the ocean. This boardwalk alone is a photographer's paradise that should not be missed.

The boardwalk is not wheelchair accessible. The Garden provides golf carts to transport wheelchair-bound visitors with their comp anion and their wheelchairs up and down the boardwalk. Once you've exited the boardwalk, you may use your wheelchair through most of the Garden. Only non-electric wheelchairs are permitted entry into the Garden.

For a $5 fee, Golf Cart assistance can be provided to those visitors that are not wheelchair-bound but otherwise physically limited.

To preserve the serenity and non-pollution of this beautiful garden we discourage the use of golf carts on the boardwalk unless absolutely necessary, and only after seeking and receiving permission to do so.


27-717 Old Mamalahoa Highway

P.O. Box 80, Papaikou, HI 96781

Phone: 808-964-5233 FAX: 808-964-1338

Or Visit the Gardens Website at:

If you have a real interest in gardening (not just a casual gardener) with tropical flowers and plants from Hawaii or you are a botanist interested in the flora and fauna of Hawaii, then this book is for you !

This book is a horticulturist delight full of information on Hawaii's tropical plants. It includes information on disease prone species, historical data, planting suggestions and outcome in different locations and altitudes, insect vulnerability, and so much more.

On the down side, the book does not contain color photographs. However, the in-depth information covering such a high volume of cataloged Hawaiian plants more than makes up for the lacking and cannot be found in any other publication I am aware of

World Botanical Gardens

World Botanical Gardens is 275 acres of beauty.

The northern acreage of the Garden borders on the unique three-tiered Umauma Falls that is one of the most beautiful waterfalls on the Big Island with a 300-foot drop from the crest of the falls. The falls are a feed off from the Hanapueo Falls above it.

Locals still love to fish these falls for fresh water opi (shrimp) and small fish.

As you drive up the ac cess road from the World Botanical Gardens main entrance, you will reach an overlook of Kamae'e Falls.

At the overlook you can view the waterfall gushing down a sheer rock cliff covered with ferns and other native vegetation to a crystal clear pool below.

Also visible from this vantage point is a view of Mauna Kea volcano and the green pastures of a local cattle ranch.

World Botanical Garden is Centered in a Rain Forest

The World Botanical Garden is always a blaze of vibrant, tropical color from the orchids, hibiscus, heliconia and red wiliwili blossoms (to name a few) while the air is heavy with the heady aroma of wild white ginger, yellow ginger and sweet red geraniums.


The gardens have shady, wide, paved walkways that guide visitors along a cascading creek, beneath towering rain forest trees draped with the pendulous tropic al vines and gigantic leaves of the Golden Pothos (Epipremnum Pinnatum) throughout the rain forest.

This is another area we use to hike and swim when we were kids, and when my kids were younger, for free. Since the World Botanical Gardens purchased the property, only about 20 years ago, the gardens are still considered young but have continued to grow into a huge commercial garden.

They now are exhibiting a large variety of plants with more than 5000 species. Hundreds of wild orchids are now growing along the paved trails and around the trees and they cling to the gardens 80 meter (over 262 feet) long Orchid Wall in the Rainbow Walk.

Visit their Arboretum where you will see the exotic, tropical edible plants such as mango, guava, papaya, pineapple, banana, breadfruit, coffee and many, many more on their horticultural tours. You are given the opportunity to experience the flavors of the fresh luscious ripe fruits.

They have also added fun things for the ki ds and those with a more adventurous spirit; a Children's Maze, a Segway Tour and a Zip Line Adventure.

A Children's Maze, the second-largest herbaceous maze in the world, has been created from thousands of mock orange bushes planted in a regular array of hedge work. Visitors, young and old alike, can have a great time figuring out their way as they wandering through it.

Zip Isle Zip Line and Segway Adventures

In 2010 the Segway and Zip Isle Zip Line Adventures where added to the cost of the gardens entry fee for those with a more adventurous spirit.

The guided tours packages are a bit pricey, but well worth it for what they include. Included is a 30-minute Introductory Segway Tour with a certified Segway guide.

The guide will instruct you on the fundamentals of riding a Segway through the scenic Rain forest Trail where you can visit historic areas and explore the rain forest.

Then you can zoom over a canopy of tropical trees and acres of lu sh tropical gardens on a 2-hour Zip line! The zip is on a 7-stage Zip Line on a breath-taking 150 foot suspension bridge giving you a totally unique way to 'hang loose' and see the scenic Hawaiian countryside from a 'birds-eye' view.

You will experience the thrill of a lifetime while viewing the unique features the Big Island has to offer such as Mauna Kea volcano, waterfalls, and the rain forest.

Visiting Information at the World Botanical Gardens


General Admission for a One Day Pass Self-Guided Gardens and Waterfalls Tour:

$15.00 - Adults

$ 6.00 - Kaimaina (Residents with State ID)

$ 7.00 - Teens (13 - 17)

$ 3.00 - Keiki (Children) Ages 5 - 12

Free - Children under 5

Garden Hours - Open 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. daily.


Click this Link for Further Tour and Package Pricing:

Guided Tours with Segway and Zip Line Adventure Packages

World Botanical G ardens Location & Contact Info:

Mile Marker 16 on Highway 19

31-240 Old Mamalahoa Highway

Hakalau, Hawaii 96710

Local Phone: 808-963-5427

Toll Free: 888-947-4753

Fax: 808-934-9105

Hawaii Botanical Gardens - Maui

Maui is home to an incredible assortment of botanical gardens, that range from lavender flower to multi-herbal gardens; from silversword to proteus; and from endemic tropical to worldwide tropical. Most of the gardens are open for either guided or self-guided tours. We will only be covering a few from the multitude of selections Maui has to offer.

Maui Garden of Eden

One of my most favorite spots in the world use to be Hana, Maui.

On the road to Hana you will find the Garden of Eden Arboretum of the Puohokamoa Valley. This is a unique 26 acre garden that is really geared more for the tourist, but it is beautiful, it is fun and it is an experience.

Keopuka Rock, which you may have seen in the film "Jurassic Park", is located on the property.

There is an extensive macaw and peacock aviary, waterfalls and a collection of over 500 different species of tropical plants, including the most extensive collection of Ti plants in the State of Hawaii.

Ti has a long history of usage by the Hawaiian people for medicinal preparation and healing; in ceremonies and rituals; and in preparing and serving food. It is considered one of Hawaii's most useful plants.

In the bottom of the photo of Keopuka Rock, shown on the right, there are four different varieties of ti plants.

All of the plants at the Garden of Eden come from South Pacific, South American and Central American rain forests.

There are also many species of plants which are indigenous to Hawaii. The park was designed by Alan Bradbury with the aim of restoring the area's natural ecosystem.

Bud the Birdman performs daily with his 10 best trained show bi rds, including macaws, parrots and cockatoos. Kids and adults alike love this bird show.

As you can see from the photo on the right, Bud's birds are so well trained they will perform like this for photo shoots, no matter who is posing for the photo.

Visit the Park's Photo Gallery

Visiting Hours at Garden of Eden Arboretum




Garden Hours: Daily

8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.


Wedding Packages Are Available

For further information, please call (808) 572-9899

Kula Botanical Garden is a small garden of only 8 acres, but is home to nearly 2,000 species of indigenous Hawaiian flowers and plants.

The true king of this garden are the large variety of species from the showy protea family, featuring 60 different varieties.

The dry, temperate climate of the slopes of Haleakala makes it an ideal location for growing protea flowers.

The gardens were established in 1968 by Warren and Helen McCord as a display garden for Warren's landscape architecture business. They didn't open to the public until 1977 as a native Hawaiian plant reserve.

Due to the high elevation (3,300 feet) of this garden, both tropical and semi-tropical species can be grown. The gardens boast some of the most beautiful and exotic plants you have ever seen.

The garden has evolved into a tourist destination that draws thousands of visitors every year.

They are still an entirely family owned and operated business who take great pride in sharing their garden with visitors.

Said McCord, "The one comment that just simply makes it worthwhile is some one will come and say 'I could stay here forever, this is the best thing we've seen on Maui."

Located on Kekaulike Highway (Highway 377) near the Kula Highway (Highway 37) junction, the garden is an array of colorful and unique plants, amazing rock formations, a covered bridge, waterfalls, koi pond, and aviary.

The garden's koi pond now fills a basin that is fed by a 400-foot-long stream.

Garden Has Many Special Features

Kula Botanical Garden includes hundreds of varieties of plants for you to enjoy and photograph. Many weddings have been performed at its gazebos.

Plants are labeled with their botanical names, common names, and country of origin. Included in the garden is a collection of native Hawaiian plants.

Children especially will enjoy the Jackson Chameleon exhibit, Nene geese (state bird on enda ngered species list), African Cranes, and the Aviary.

Visiting Hours at Kula Botanical Gardens



$10.00 - Adults

$ 8.00 - Kaimaina (Residents with State ID)

$ 3.00 - Keiki (Children) Ages 6 - 12

FREE - Keiki (Children) Under 6

Garden Hours: Daily

9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Tours are self-guided


Guided tours can be arranged with advanced notice.

For further information:

Kula Botanical Garden

638 Kekaulike Avenue, Kula, Maui, HI 96790

Ph: (808) 878-1715

Kula Botanical Gardens

Kaua'i Botanical Gardens

Kaua'i is one of the wettest places on earth due to the amount of yearly rainfall. Attributing to a mixture of rain, sunshine and rich tropical soil, it is home to some of the lushest tropical rain forest and botanical gardens in the world.

The Na 'Aina Kai Botanical Garden is a true magical paradise where you can experience the multiple moods and diversity of its beauty. The garden is tucked away on Kaua'i's north shore, facing out towards the ocean where the humpback whales can be spotted during mating season.

The 240 acres of garden, feature natural treasures that will awaken your senses, and tropical wonders never cease. When visiting this Hawaiian botanical garden you have a full understanding of why Kaua'i is appropriately named the Garden Isle. Even though I am from the Big Island of Hawaii, in my opinion, Kaua'i is the most beautiful island of th e Hawaiian chain and the Na 'Aina Kai Botanical Garden is a place of awe and wonder.

Featured in the above photo is a full-size Hedge Maze which is included in the Formal Garden Tour.

Also included in this tour is the Shower Tree Park, the Ka'ula Lagoon with waterfall and tropical island, a Japanese tea-house, the International Desert Garden, the Romantic Palm Garden and the Orchid House and Gallery at the Visitor Center. All of the 7 tours available include the Formal Garden Tour.

Other features within the Na Aina Kai gardens a hardwood plantation, a moss- and fern-draped canyon, a bog house, a Hawaiian village, lagoons filed with koi, and a pristine sandy beach stretching between a meadow and the sparkling aquamarine waters of the Pacific Ocean and so much more. The place is huge and it is impossible to cover all of it in one day.

The more than 90 bronze statues alone, that you see strategically placed throughout the garden, are magnificent works of art . It is the largest collection in the nation.

Na 'Aina Kai Botanical Garden is a non-profit commercial garden. It is well worth it to take one of the 7 guided tours available to cover as much area as possible. Each of the tours is in a different price range

Visiting Hours at Na`Aina Kai


Call 808.828.0525 or email them at

Na 'Aina Kai is closed to the public on weekends and holidays.

Tours are offered each Tuesday through Friday throughout the year. Tours range in length from 1.5 hours to 5 hours.

* All tours are guided and suitable for children 13 and older. Children younger than 13 will enjoy one of their "Under the Rainbow" Children's Garden Family Tours. Family tours must be pre-arranged.

* Reservations are highly recommended; however, they are happy to accommodate drop-in guests on a space-available basis.

* Orchid House Visitor Center and Gift Shop is open each Monday from 8 a. m. until 2 p.m.; Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday 8 a.m. until 5 p.m.; and Fridays 8 a.m. until 1 p.m.

* Keiki Day (Children's Day) - Held one Saturday every month. Kids can indulge their senses in the "Under the Rainbow" Children's Garden. The kids can play in Jack's fountain and pond, explore the jungle rubber tree house, a gecko maze, a tropical jungle with bridges, tunnels and slides, a kid-sized railroad train, log cabins and a covered wagon made from teak wood and discover the many child friendly features of the Children's Garden. Bring a towel and be prepared to get wet! Outside snacks are permitted. Reservations are recommended.


Na 'Aina Kai Botanical Garden

P.O. Box 1134

4101 Wailapa Road

Kilauea, HI 96754

Call 808.828.0525

Email to

Allerton and McBryde Gardens

The National Tropical Botanical Garden is located in Kalaheo, Kaua'i on Lawai Road, across the street from Spouting Horn Park.

It is also known as the Allerton and McBryde Gardens. The McBryde Garden contains research and conservation collections while the Allerton Garden is a landscaped estate garden.

The Allerton Gardens is one of three National Tropical Botanical Gardens on Kauai, and one of five in the US.

It was started in the late 1800's by Hawai'i's Queen Emma and transformed into its current design by a child of a wealthy Chicago family who purchased the land in the late 1930s.

You can still see the lands and a cottage once used by Queen Emma as her summer retreat. The photo to the right is of her renovated cottage.

The gardens are a privately funded, non-profit, research and educational institution, dedicated to discovering, saving, and studying the world's tropical plants and to sharing what is learned.

Though created by an act of Congress in 1964, the garden isn't annually allocated government funds and instead depends on p rivate donations and grants from public and private foundations.

The resident scientists face the challenge of snatching the Pacific islands' quickly disappearing plants from the brink of extinction for re-propagation.

The NTBG has grown to encompass over 1,800 acres of gardens and preserves, including five botanical gardens and three preserves, all but one (The Kampong in southern Florida) are located in Hawaii.

Thousands of species have been gathered not only from the Pacific islands, but also from throughout the tropical world.

Through hundreds of field expeditions by staff and through collaborations with other institutions and researchers, they have formed a living collection that is unparalleled anywhere in the world. Their collection includes a the largest collection of native Hawaiian plant species and of breadfruit cultivars in existence.

"Most of our visitors to Hawaii look at this beautiful, lush landscape and they just think, 'It's parad ise,' " said Charles R. "Chipper" Wichman, garden director, gesturing to the verdant valley stretching out below his office window on Kauai.

He says visitors haven't any idea what they are viewing is a war zone between our native plants, which are trying to hold on to a space, and all the invasive, imported plants and animals that are trying to take it away from them.

Each of the gardens is unique and requires at least an hour or two to take in properly.

The Limahuli Garden on the lush North Shore features many native species and stunning 700-year-old terraces where taro is grown.

On the drier South Shore, a tram ride takes you into the Lawa'i Valley, where the McBryde and Allerton Garden are located.

The giant Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla ) trees from Australia can be found on the grounds of the Allerton Garden. The trees are 70 years old and are as big as 400 year old trees in Australia

These trees were used in the filming of "Jurass ic Park" in 1992 where Dr. Alan Grant and the kids discover the raptor dinosaurs eggs cradled in the sinuous, above-ground roots. Creator John Hammond's granddaughter was also filmed in these giant tree roots when a brachiosaurus sneezed on her.

Visiting Hours at National Tropical Botanical Garden

Tropical Gardens of Hawaii

If you are interested in the tropical gardens of Hawaii, these two books are excellent resouces that I highly recommend.

Modern Tropical Garden Design

In this beautifully illustrated book, Made Wijaya takes you on tours of modern tropical gardens around the world, showing you innovative tropical garden designs.

Visiting tropical states of the U.S. including Hawaii, California, and Florida all the way to South America, Asia and Australia.

This is an incredible book.

The botanical drawings are just gorgeous, the text is very informative, and the introduction is well written. It makes the naturalist-minded vis itor to Hawaii VERY excited about visiting the place. ~ By Anukriti Hittle

Hawaii Botanical Gardens - Lanai

The island of Lana'i is a very small island, with a population of only 2,500 people. At one time it was almost completely covered with pineapple fields owned by Dole Pineapple Company. Today it is fast becoming an exclusive and secluded resort since the land was purchased from Dole, by Castle & Cook Corporation.

Lana'i, as of this writing, does not yet have a botanical garden. What it does have located at Keahikawelo, which is about 7 miles from Lana'i City is the:

Keahikawelo is perhaps Hawaii's ultimate "rock garden," an awe-inspiring lunar-like setting that's as shrouded in mystery as it is in stark beauty.

The rock formations where created by volcanic forces and have been sculpted by the wind and water, giving them the look and feel of being on the moon.

The bizarre rock formations are the result of thousands of years of erosion th at created pinnacles and buttes in the very remote canyon area. The rocks are a mixture of a variety of brightly colored hues including bright reds, purples, lavenders, browns ,oranges, yellows and various ocher colors.

Looking out over this vast moonscape I am always in awe of the serene rock formations and can't help but wonder if the rocks had been placed strategically this way for a higher purpose beyond our earthly comprehension.

Viewing this desolate, windswept area is best during sunrise or sunset, when the light casts eerie shadows against the boulders and brings out the rocks' most dynamic colors. Here, too, you might catch a glimpse of axis deer foraging on the green grass that borders the rock formations.

Bring your camera, but please respect this spiritual place. Please don't rearrange or removing any of the rocks.

Looking out over this vast moonscape I am always in awe of the serene rock formations and can't help but wonder if the rocks had b een placed strategically this way for a higher purpose beyond our earthly comprehension.

Viewing this desolate, windswept area is best seen during either sunrise or sunset.

I love sitting and watching the rays of sunrise cast its warm glow of gold and rusty colors spreading across the field of rocks, or viewing the creeping of eerie dark purple shadows encroaching with the sunset light against the majestic boulders.

Here too I might catch a glimpse of an axis deer foraging on the green grass that borders the rock formations.

Bring your camera, but please respect this spiritual place. Please don't rearrange or removing any of the rocks.